Diamonds 101

What makes this stone so precious? Its natural colourless beauty and its characteristics means no two diamonds will ever be the same.

A diamond is the hardest substance known to man, making it resistant to deterioration, but do not mistake this precious stone to be indestructible. Being pure carbon, if heated in the presence of oxygen at a very high temperature, it will react and release into carbon dioxide.

The weaker or thinner parts of a diamond can chip and usually the more included a diamond is, the more prone it is to chipping. Most chipped edges can’t even be seen with the naked eye.
Before any repair or manufacturing, our goldsmith or designer will always first make our clients aware of any inclusions or existing chips, because it does hold a risk of more damage and we will offer the option of getting it repaired if really necessary at the best and most trusted stone cutting- and polishing professionals in the trade.

The FOUR C’s
The characteristics of a diamond is Carat weight, Cut, Colour and Clarity, each accompanied by a chart illustrating the difference between grades.
You also get a fifth C known as the Confidence of a diamond and it is usually found in the form of an accurate diamond grading certificate.

Carat weight determines the weight and size of a diamond and influences the price. It also sounds similar to ‘karat’, which refers to the purity of gold.
One Carat is equal to 100 points. For example: a half a carat is a 50-pointer and 3/4 carat is referred to as a 75-point diamond.


Clarity refers to the inclusions which naturally occur in diamonds, spots or lines inside the diamond, making it unique, yet the less inclusions the more valuable the stone. It’s not always visible to the naked eye. We can determine an estimate grading of diamonds, but for a more detailed evaluation, we send the stones to South Africa’s grading professionals. Our diamonds are usually graded by E.G.L or G.I.A.


This refers to how colourless the diamond is. Professionals use an international scale to determine colour from colourless to the yellowness of the stone.


This describes the shape of a diamond, the most common is the Round Brilliant Cut – It has 58 facets, or small, flat, polished planes designated to yield the maximum amount of light to be reflected back from the top view. A poorly cut diamond will lose light and appear dull.

If you have any enquiries about your diamond, please feel free to contact us or visit our in-store designers. We provide professional trusted advice, stone cutting, polishing and diamond grading services.




Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *